To evaluate peripheral refraction and contrast detection sensitivity in pseudophakic patients implanted with a new type of inverted meniscus intraocular lens (IOL) (Art25; Voptica SL) that was designed to provide better peripheral optics.
One month after cataract surgery, in 87 eyes implanted with the Art25 IOL, peripheral contrast detection sensitivity was measured psychophysically at 40° visual angle, both horizontally and vertically, and compared with a control group of 51 eyes implanted with standard biconvex IOLs. Thirty-one eyes with the Art25 IOL and 28 eyes from the control group were randomly selected to also measure peripheral refraction using a scanning Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor along 80° in the horizontal meridian.
Most patients achieved emmetropia and good visual acuity, and no significant adverse events were observed after cataract surgery with Art25 IOLs. Peripheral contrast detection sensitivity was significantly better (P < .01) in the group with the Art25 IOL in both directions (7.78 ± 3.24 vs 5.74 ± 2.60 vertical, 10.98 ± 5.09 vs 7.47 ± 3.96 horizontal), which was in agreement with the optical quality improvement in the periphery due to a reduction of defocus (1.97 and 1.21 diopters [D] at 40° temporal and nasal sides) and astigmatism (1.17 and 0.37 D at 40° temporal and nasal sides) that was statistically significant (P < .01) from 20° of eccentricity.
Patients implanted with a new inverted meniscus IOL present a reduced amount of peripheral defocus and astigmatism compared to patients implanted with standard biconvex IOLs. This improvement in optical quality leads to better contrast detection sensitivity measured at 40° of eccentricity.