We have designed and assembled an instrument for objective measurement of the eye’s wave aberrations for different wavelengths with no modifications in the measurement path. The system consists of a Hartmann-Shack wave-front sensor and a Xe-white-light lamp in combination with a set of interference filters used to sequentially select the measurement wavelength. To show the capabilities of the system and its reliability for measuring at different wavelengths, the ocular aberrations were measured in three subjects at 440, 488, 532, 633 and 694 nm, basically covering the whole visible spectrum. Even for the shortest wavelengths, the illumination level was always several orders of magnitude below the safety limits. The longitudinal chromatic aberration estimates and the wavelength dependence of coma and spherical aberration, as examples of higher-order aberration terms, were compared to the predictions of a chromatic eye model, with good agreement. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a device to objectively determine the spectral fluctuations in the ocular wavefront.
©2008 Optical Society of America