We demonstrate an optimized optical platform for the three-dimensional (3-D) visualization of crystalline lens opacities in vivo in the eyes of patients with different types and grades of cataracts. We developed a prototype long-depth-range swept source optical coherenc tomography (SS-OCT) instrument operating at the speed of 50 kA-scans/second and at the central wavelength of 1 μm to perform high-resolution imaging of the whole anterior segment of the eye. Volumetric data sets of cataractous eyes were acquired and processed to obtain contrast-enhanced high-resolution images of lenticular structures and opacifications. The results showed lens micro- and macro-scale features related to possible cataract development such as cortical spokes, water clefts and enhanced scattering in the lens nucleus. The results demonstrate also the ability of this SS-OCT imaging to locate and characterize opacities quantitatively. The instrument might be a useful tool in the highresolution preoperative evaluation of crystalline lens opacities in cataract patients.
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